Please note, these articles are not an exhaustive list nor a systematic review of the research literature but meant as a starting point for new and experienced health professionals wanting to learn more about eating disorders and eating disorders treatment. Articles on psychotherapeutic treatment modalities are currently focussed on alignment with Ontario’s Quality Standards for Eating Disorders, as well as training offered by EDO, but will be expanded. If you have suggestions for topics you’d like to know more about, please contact us. For books and other resources, please go to the Treatment Guidelines and Tools page.

Bryant-Waugh R., Micali N., Cooke L., Lawson EA., Eddy KT., Thomas JJ. (2019). Development of the Pica, ARFID, and Rumination Disorder Interview, a multi-informant, semi-structured interview of feeding disorders across the lifespan: A pilot study for ages 10-22. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(4), 378–387. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22958

Hornberger, L. L., Lane, M. A., Breuner, C. C., Alderman, E. M., Grubb, L. K., Powers, M., Upadhya, K. K., Wallace, S. B., Loveless, M., Menon, S., Zapata, L., Hua, L., Smith, K., & Baumberger, J. (2021). Identification and Management of Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics, 147(1). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-040279

Katzman, D.K., Guimond, T., Spettigue, W., Agostino H, Couturier J., Norris, M.L., (2022). Classification of Children and Adolescents with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. Pediatrics, 150(3). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2022-057494

Mairs, R., & Nicholls, D. (2016). Assessment and treatment of eating disorders in children and adolescents. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(12), 1168–1175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-309481

Nitsch, A., Watters, A., Manwaring, J., Bauschka, M., Hebert, M., Mehler, P.S. (2023). Clinical features of adult patients with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder presenting for medical stabilization: A descriptive study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 56(5), 978–990. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23897

Norris, M.L., Hiebert, J.D., Katzman, D.K., (2018). Determining treatment goal weights for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Paediatrics & Child Health, 23(8), 551–551. https://doi.org/10.1093/pch/pxy133

Sysko, R., Glasofer, D. R., Hildebrandt, T., Klimek, P., Mitchell, J. E., Berg, K., Peterson, C.B., Wonderlich, S.A., & Walsh, B. T. (2015). The Eating Disorder Assessment for DSM‐5 (EDA‐5): Development and validation of a structured interview for feeding and eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48(5), 452-463. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22388

See also sections on Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) and Medical Assessment and Stabilization

Espie, J., Eisler, I., (2015). Focus on anorexia nervosa: modern psychological treatment and guidelines for the adolescent patient. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 9, 9-16. https://doi.org/10.2147/AHMT.S70300

Kan, C., Treasure, J. (2019) Recent Research and Personalized Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 42(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2018.10.010

Kramer, R. (2023) Considerations in Evidence-Based Treatment of Adolescents with Atypical Anorexia Nervosa. Journal of Health Service Psychology, 49, 41–51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42843-023-00080-1

Mitchell, J. E., Peterson, C. B. (2020). Anorexia Nervosa. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(14), 1343–1351. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmcp1803175

Neale, J., Hudson, L. D. (2020). Anorexia nervosa in adolescents. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 81(6), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.12968/hmed.2020.0099

Treasure, J., Zipfel, S., Micali, N., Wade, T., Stice, E., Claudino, A., Schmidt, U., Frank, G. K., Bulik, C. M., Wentz, E. (2015). Anorexia nervosa. Nature Reviews Disease Primers, 1(1), Article 15074. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrdp.2015.74

Walsh, B. T., Hagan, K. E., Lockwood, C. (2022) A systematic review comparing atypical anorexia nervosa and anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 56(4), 798–820. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23856

Zipfel, S., Giel, K. E., Bulik, C. M., Hay, P., Schmidt, U. (2015) Anorexia nervosa: aetiology, assessment, and treatment. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2(12), 1099–1111. https://doi.org/10.1016/s2215-0366(15)00356-9

See also sections on Family Based Treatment, Medical Management and Nutrition, Malnutrition & Refeeding

Bourne, L., Bryant-Waugh, R., Cook, J., & Mandy, W. (2020). Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: A systematic scoping review of the current literature. Psychiatry Research., 288, 112961. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112961

Katzman, D. K., Norris, M. L., & Zucker, N. (2019). Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 42(1), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23021

Katzman, D. K., Spettigue, W., Agostino, H., Couturier, J., Dominic, A., Findlay, S. M., Lam, P. Y., Lane, M., Maguire, B., Mawjee, K., Parikh, S., Steinegger, C., Vyver, E., & Norris, M. L. (2021). Incidence and Age- and Sex-Specific Differences in the Clinical Presentation of Children and Adolescents With Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. JAMA Pediatrics, 175(12), Article e213861.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.3861

Kambanis, P. E., & Thomas, J. J. (2023). Assessment and Treatment of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder. Current Psychiatry Reports, 25(2), 53-64. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-022-01404-6

Sanchez-Cerezo, J., Nagularaj, L., Gledhill, J., & Nicholls, D. (2023). What do we know about the epidemiology of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder in children and adolescents? A systematic review of the literature. European Eating Disorders Review, 31(2), 226-246.  https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2964

Willmott, E., Dickinson, R., Hall, C., Sadikovic, K., Wadhera, E., Micali, N., Trompeter, N., & Jewell, T. (2024). A scoping review of psychological interventions and outcomes for avoidant and restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID). International Journal of Eating Disorders, 57(1), 62–69. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.24073

See also sections on Assessment, Screening & Identification, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Eating Disorders, Family Based Treatment, Medical Management and Nutrition, Malnutrition & Refeeding

Grilo, C. M., & Juarascio, A. (2023). Binge-Eating Disorder Interventions: Review, Current Status, and Implications. Current Obesity Reports, 12(4), 406–416. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13679-023-00517-0 

Hilbert, A. (2019). Binge-eating disorder. Psychiatric Clinics, 42(1), 33-43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2018.10.011

Laliberte, M. M., & Lucibello, K. M. (2022). Weight control beliefs in the treatment of binge-eating disorder: Why might they matter? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 55(6), 820–825. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23713

Obesity Canada & Canadian Association of Bariatric Physicians and Surgeons. (2020). Adult Obesity Clinical Practice Guidelines. Summary: Obesity in adults: a clinical practice guideline. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 192(31), August 4. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.191707

Gorrell, S., & Le Grange, D. (2019). Update on Treatments for Adolescent Bulimia Nervosa. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 28(4), 537-547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2019.05.002

Hagan, K. E., & Walsh, B. T. (2021). State of the Art: The Therapeutic Approaches to Bulimia Nervosa. Clinical Therapeutics, 43(1), 40-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2020.10.012

See also section on Pharmacotherapy

Atwood, M. E., & Friedman, A. (2020). A systematic review of enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT-E) for eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 53(3), 311-330. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23206

De Jong, M., Spinhoven, P., Korrelboom, K., Deen, M., van der Meer, I., Danner, U., van der Schuur, S., Schoorl, M., & Hoek, H. (2020). Effectiveness of enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 53, 717–727. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23239

Grave, R. D., Calugi, S., Doll, H., & Fairburn, C. (2013). Enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescents with anorexia nervosa: An alternative to family therapy? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 51(1), R9-R12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2012.09.008

Kaidesoja, M., Cooper, Z., & Fordham, B. (2023). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders: A map of the systematic review evidence base. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 56(2), 295–313. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23831

Thomas, J. J., Wons, O. B., & Eddy, K. T. (2018). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 31(6), 425-430. https://doi.org/10.1097/yco.0000000000000454

See also section on Fidelity & Adherence

Bahji, A., Mazhar, M. N., Hudson, C. C., Nadkarni, P., MacNeil, B. A., & Hawken, E. (2019). Prevalence of substance use disorder comorbidity among individuals with eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 273, 58-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.007

Brewerton, T. (2022). Mechanisms by which adverse childhood experiences, trauma, other traumas and PTSD influence the health and well-being of individuals with eating disorders throughout the lifespan. Journal of Eating Disorders, 10(162). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-022-00696-6

Convertino, M. S., Alexandra, D., & Mendoza, R. R. (2023). Posttraumatic stress disorder, traumatic events, and longitudinal eating disorder treatment outcomes: A systematic review. International Journal of Eating Disorders56(6), 1055–1074. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23933

Day, S., Hay, P., Tannous, Wadad. K., Fatt, S. J., & Mitchison, D. (2023). A Systematic Review of the Effect of PTSD and Trauma on Treatment Outcomes for Eating Disorders. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231167399

Hambleton, A., Pepin, G., Le, A., Maloney, D., National Eating Disorder Research Consortium, Touyz, S., & Maguire S. (2022). Psychiatric and medical comorbidities of eating disorders: Findings from a rapid review of the literature. Journal of Eating Disorders, 10(132). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-022-00654-2

Levinson, A. C., Cusak, C., Brown, M. L., & Smith, A. R. (2022). A network approach can improve eating disorder conceptualization and treatment. Nature Reviews Psychology, 1(7), 419-430. https://doi.org/10.1038%2Fs44159-022-00062-y

Marucci, S., Ragione, D. D., De Iaco, G., Mococci, T., Vicini, M., Guastamacchia, E., & Triggiani, V. (2018). Anorexia Nervosa and Comorbid Psychopathology. Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders – Drug Targets, 18(4), 316-324. https://doi.org/10.2174/1871530318666180213111637

Mellentin, A. I., Mejldal, A., Guala, M. M., Støving, R. K., Eriksen, L. S., Stenager, E., & Skøt, L. (2022). The impact of alcohol and other substance use disorders on mortality in patients with eating disorders: A nationwide register-based retrospective cohort study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 179(1), 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2021.21030274

Trottier, K., & MacDonald, D. (2017). Update on psychological trauma, other severe adverse experiences, and eating disorders: State of the research and future directions. Current Psychiatry Reports, 19, 45. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-017-0806-6

Wade, T., Shafran, R., & Zafra, C. (2023). Developing a protocol to address co-occurring mental health conditions in the treatment of eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.24008

See also section on Trauma-informed Care

Devoe, D. J., Han, A., Anderson, A., Katzman, D. K., Patten, S. B., Soumbasis, A., Flanagan, J., Paslakis, G., Vyver, E., Marcoux, G., & Dimitropoulos, G. (2023). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eating disorders: A systematic review. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 56(1), 5-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23704

Katzman, D. (2021). The COVID-19 Pandemic and Eating Disorders: A Wake-Up Call for the Future of Eating Disorders Among Adolescents and Young Adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 69(4), 535–537. https://doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.jadohealth.2021.07.014

Spettigue, W., Obeid, N., Erbach, M., Feder, S., Finner, N., Harrison, M., Isserlin, L., Robinson, A., Norris, M. (2021). The Impact of COVID-19 on Adolescents with Eating Disorders: A cohort study. Journal of Eating Disorders, 9, 65. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-021-00419-3

Toulany, A., Saunders, N., Kurdyak, P., Strauss, R., Fu, L., Joh-Carnella, N., Chen, S., Guttmann, A., Stukel, T. (2023). Acute presentations of eating disorders among adolescents and adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ontario, Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 195(38), E1291-E1299. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.221318

See also section on Virtual Care

Geller, J., Iyar, M., Srikameswaran, S., Zelichowska, J., Zhou, Y., & Dunn, E. C. (2018). The relation between patient characteristics and their carers’ use of a directive versus collaborative support stance. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 51, 71–76. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22791

Sansfaçon, J., Booij, L., Gauvin, L., Fletcher, E., Islam, F., Israël, M. & Steiger, H. (2020). Pretreatment motivation and therapy outcomes in eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 53, 1879–1900. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23376

Couturier, J., Kimber, M., Barwick, M., Woodford, T., McVey, G., Findlay, S., Webb, C., Niccols, A., & Lock, J. (2021). Family-based treatment for children and adolescents with eating disorders: a mixed-methods evaluation of a blended evidence-based implementation approach. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 11(1), 64-73. https://doi.org/10.1093/tbm/ibz160

Couturier, J., Kimber, M., Szatmari, P. (2013). Efficacy of family-based treatment for adolescents with eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 46(1), 3-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22042

Dimitropoulos, G., Freeman, V.E., Allemang, B., Couturier, J., McVey, G., Lock, J., Le Grange, D. (2015). Family-based treatment with transition age youth with anorexia nervosa: a qualitative summary of application in clinical practice. Journal of Eating Disorders, 3(1), 1-13.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-015-0037-3 

Lock, J., Nicholls, D. (2020). Toward A Greater Understanding of the Ways Family-Based Treatment Addresses the Full Range of Psychopathology of Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 968. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00968

Lock, J., Robinson, A., Sadeh-Sharvit, S., Rosania, K., Osipov, L., Kirz, N., Derenne, J., Utzinger, L. (2019). Applying family-based treatment (FBT) to three clinical presentations of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder: Similarities and differences from FBT for anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(4), 439-446. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22994

Loeb, K., Lock, J., Legrange, D., & Greif, R. (2012). Transdiagnostic Theory and Application of Family-Based Treatment for Youth with Eating Disorders. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 19(1), 17–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpra.2010.04.005

Murray, S., Loeb, K., & LeGrange, D. (2013). Indexing psychopathology throughout family-based treatment for adolescent anorexia nervosa: are we on track? Advances in Eating Disorders: Theory, Research and Practice, 2(1), 93-96. https://doi.org/10.1080/21662630.2013.831522

Rienecke, R. D. (2017). Family-based treatment of eating disorders in adolescents: current insights. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 8, 69-79. https://doi.org/10.2147/ahmt.s115775

See also section on Fidelity & Adherence and Virtual Care

Beard, J., Cooper, Z., Masson, P., Mountford, V., Murphy, R., Raykos, B., Tatham, M., Thomas, J., Turner, H., Wade, T., Waller, G., (2023). Assessing clinician competence in the delivery of cognitive-behavioral therapy for eating disorders: development of the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Scale for Eating Disorders (CBTS-ED). Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 53(1), 29-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2023.2263640

Couturier, J., Kimber, M., Barwick, M., McVey, G., Findlay, S., Webb, C., Niccols, A., Lock, J. (2021). Assessing fidelity to family-based treatment: an exploratory examination of expert, therapist, parent, and peer ratings. Journal of Eating Disorders, 9, 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-020-00366-5 

Forsberg, S., Fitzpatrick, K., Darcy, A., Aspen, V., Accurso, E., Bryson, S., Agras, S., Arnow, K., Le Grange, D., Lock, J. (2015). Development and Evaluation of a Treatment Fidelity Instrument for Family-Based Treatment of Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48(1), 91–99. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22337

Kosmerly, S., Waller, G., Lafrance Robinson, A. (2015). Clinician Adherence to Guidelines in the Delivery of Family-Based Therapy for Eating Disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48(2), 223–229. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22276

Campbell, , L., Viswanadhan, K., Lois, B., Dundas, M. (2023). Emerging Evidence: A Systematic Literature Review of Disordered Eating Among Transgender and Nonbinary Youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 74(1), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.07.027

Ganson, K. T., Murray, S. B., & Nagata, J. M. (2019). Last word: A call to develop specific medical treatment guidelines for adolescent males with eating disorders. Eating Disorders, 29(4), 344-350. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2019.1652474

Nagata, J. M., Ganson, K. T., & Murray, S. B. (2020). Eating disorders in adolescent boys and young men: an update. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 32(4), 476-481. https://doi.org/10.1097/MOP.0000000000000911

Nagata, J. M., Ganson, K. T., & Austin, S. B. (2020). Emerging trends in eating disorders among sexual and gender minorities. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 33(6), 562–567. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000645

Rainbow Health Ontario. (2021). Health in focus: eating disorders in LGBT2SQ adults and adolescents. Toronto (ON), Sherbourne Health. https://www.rainbowhealthontario.ca/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Health-in-focus_Eating-Disorders.pdf

Riddle, M. C., & Safer, J. D. (2022). Medical considerations in the care of transgender and gender diverse patients with eating disorders. Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-022-00699-3

Girz, L., Lafrance, A., Foroughe, M., Jasper, K., & Boachie, A. (2013). Adapting family-based therapy to a day hospital programme for adolescents with eating disorders: Preliminary outcomes and trajectories of change. Journal of Family Therapy, 35, 102. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6427.2012.00618.x  

Manwaring, J. L., Blalock, D. V., Rienecke, R. D., Le Grange, D., & Mehler, P. S. (2023). A descriptive study of treatment-seeking adults with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder at residential and inpatient levels of care. Eating Disorders, 32(1), 13-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2023.2241266

Murray, S., Anderson, L., Rockwell, R., Griffiths, S., Le Grange, D., & Kaye, W. (2015). Adapting Family-Based Treatment for Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa Across Higher Levels of Patient Care. Eating Disorders, 23(4), 302-314. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2015.1042317

Providence Healthcare and Ministry of Health – Province of British Columbia. (2012). Clinical Practice Guidelines for the BC Eating Disorders Continuum of Services. https://mh.providencehealthcare.org/sites/default/files/BC%20Eating%20Disorders%20Clinical%20Practice%20Guidelines.pdf

Spettigue, W., Norris, M. L., Douziech, I., Henderson, K., Buchholz, A., Valois, D., Hammond, N., & Obeid, N. (2019). Feasibility of implementing a family-based inpatient program for adolescents with anorexia nervosa: A retrospective cohort study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 887. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00887

See also sections on Outcomes and Trauma-informed Care

Geller, J., Fernandes, A., Srikameswaran, S., Pullmer, R., & Marshall, S. (2021). The power of feeling seen: Perspectives of individuals with eating disorders on receiving validation. Journal of Eating Disorders, 9(1), 149.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-021-00500-x

Mac Donald, B., Gustafsson, S. A., Bulik, C. M., & Clausen, L. (2023). Living and leaving a life of coercion: A qualitative interview study of patients with anorexia nervosa and multiple involuntary treatment events. Journal of Eating Disorders, 11, 40. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-023-00765-4

Obeid, N., McVey, G., Preskow, W., Seale, E., & Norris, M. L. (2020). Co-creating research priorities for anorexia nervosa: The Canadian Eating Disorder Priority Setting Partnership. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 53, 662–672. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23234

See also sections on Trauma-informed Care and Severe and Enduring Eating Disorders

Academy for Eating Disorders. (2021). Eating Disorders: A Guide to Medical Care (4th ed.). AED report. Retrieved from https://www.aedweb.org/resources/publications/medical-care-standards

Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. (2015). Position Paper of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine: Medical management of restrictive eating disorders in adolescents and young adults. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(1), 121-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.10.259.

See also section on Inclusion, Diversity & Equity

Academy for Eating Disorders Nutrition Working Group. (2020). Guidebook for Nutrition Treatment of Eating Disorders. https://higherlogicdownload.s3.amazonaws.com/AEDWEB/27a3b69a-8aae-45b2-a04c-2a078d02145d/UploadedImages/Publications_Slider/FINAL_AED_Purple_Nutrition_Book.pdf

Cioffi, I., Ponzo, V., Pellegrini, M., Evangelista, A., Bioletto, F., Ciccone, G., Pasanisi, F., Ghigo, E., & Bo, S. (2021). The incidence of the refeeding syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analyses of literature. Clinical Nutrition, 40(6), 3688-3701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.04.023

Friedli, N., Stanga, Z., Sabotka, L., Culkin, A., Kondrup, J., Lavian, A., Mueller, B., & Schuetz, P. (2017). Revisiting Refeeding Syndrome: Results of a Systematic Review. Nutrition, 35, 151-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2016.05.016

Garber, A. K., Sawyer, S. M., Golden N. H., Guarda, A. S., Katzman, D. K., Kohn, M. R., Le Grange, D., Madden, S., Whitelaw, M., & Redgrave, G. W. (2016). A systematic review of approaches to refeeding in patients with anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 49(3), 293-310.  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eat.22482

Mosuka, E. M., Murugan, A., Thakral, A., Ngomo, M. C., Budhiraja, S., & St. Victor, R. (2023). Clinical Outcomes of Refeeding Syndrome: A Systematic Review of High vs. Low-Calorie Diets for the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents. Cureus, 15(5), e39313. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.39313

Stoody, V. B., Garber, A. K., Miller, C. A., & Bravender, T. (2023). Advancements in Inpatient Medical Management of Malnutrition in Children and Adolescents with Restrictive Eating Disorders. The Journal of Pediatrics, 260, 113482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2023.113482

Accurso, E., Ciao, A., Fitzsimmons-Craft, E., Lock, J., & Le Grange, D. (2014). Is weight gain really a catalyst for broader recovery?: The impact of weight gain on psychological symptoms in the treatment of adolescent anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 56, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.02.006

Austin, A., De Silva, U., Ilesanmi, C., Likitabhorn, T., Miller, I., Fialho, M., Austin, B., Caldwell, B., Chew, E., Chua, S., Dooley-Hash, S., Downs, J., Hadati, E., Herpertz-Dahlmann, S., Lampert, J., Latzer, Y., Machado, P., Maguir, Pe, S., Malik, R., Moser, M., Richmond, T., (2023). Position Paper: International consensus on patient-centred outcomes in eating disorders. The Lancet Psychiatry, 10(12), 966-973. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(23)00265-1

Isserlin, L., Spettigue, W., Norris, M., & Couturier, J. (2020). Outcomes of inpatient psychological treatments for children and adolescents with eating disorders at the time of discharge: A systematic review. Journal of Eating Disorders, 8, 32. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-020-00307-2

Robinson, A., Strahan, E., Girz, L., Wilson, A., & Boachie, A. (2012). ‘I Know I Can Help You’: Parental Self-efficacy Predicts Adolescent Outcomes in Family-based Therapy for Eating Disorders. European Eating Disorders Review, 21, 108-114. https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2180

Vall, E., & Wade, T. D. (2015). Predictors of treatment outcome in individuals with eating disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 48(7), 946-971. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.22411

See also section on Nutrition, Malnutrition & Refeeding

Maon, I., Horesh, G., & Gvion, Y. (2020). Siblings of individuals with eating disorders: A review of the literature. Frontiers, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00604

Argyrou, A., Lappas, A. S., Bakaloudi, D. R., Tsekitsidi, E., Mathioudaki, E., Michou, N., & Samara, M. T. (2023). Pharmacotherapy compared to placebo for people with Bulimia Nervosa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychiatry Research, 327, 115357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2023.115357

Flament, M., Bissada, H., & Spettigue, W. (2012). Evidence-Based Pharmacotherapy of Eating Disorders. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 15, 189-207. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1461145711000381

Reas, D. L., & Grilo, C. M. (2021). Psychotherapy and medications for eating disorders: Better together? Clinical Therapeutics, 43(1), 17-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinthera.2020.10.006

Spettigue, W., Norris, M. L., Obeid, N., Maras, D., Feder, S., Harrison, M., Henderson, K., & Buchholz, A. (2018). Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Safety of Olanzapine as an Adjunctive Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa in Adolescents: An open label trial. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27(3), 197-208.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc6054282/

Algars, M., Oshukova, S., & Suokas, J. (2023). A novel outpatient treatment model for patients with severe and enduring anorexia nervosa: An observational study of patient characteristics, treatment goals, and treatment course. Journal of Eating Disorders, 11, 150. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-023-00877-x

Downs, J., Ayton, A., Collins, L., Baker, S., Missen, H., & Ibrahim, A. (2023). Untreatable or unable to treat? Creating more effective and accessible treatment for long-standing and severe eating disorders. Lancet Psychiatry, 10, 146–154.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s2215-0366(22)00400-x

Starzomska, M., Rosińska, P., & Bielecki, J. (2020). Chronic anorexia nervosa: Patient characteristics and treatment approaches. Psychiatria Polska, 54(4), 821-833. https://doi.org/10.12740/pp/onlinefirst/118601

Zhu, J., Hay, P. J., Yang, Y., Le Grange, D., Lacey, J. H., Lujic, S., Smith, C., & Touyz, S. (2023). Specific psychological therapies versus other therapies or no treatment for severe and enduring anorexia nervosa. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8, Article CD011570. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd011570.pub2

Hackert, A. N., Kniskern, M. A., Beasley, T. M. (2020). Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Revised 2020 Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (Competent, Proficient, and Expert) in Eating Disorders. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 120(11), 1902-1919, Article E54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2020.07.014

Heruc, G., Hart, S., Stiles, G., Fleming, K., Casey, A., Sutherland, F., Jeffrey, S., Roberton, M., & Hurst, K. (2020). ANZAED practice and training standards for dietitians providing eating disorder treatment. Journal of Eating Disorders, 8, 77. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-020-00334-z

Heruc, G., Hurst, K., Casey, A., Fleming, K., Freeman, J., Fursland, A., Hart, S., Jeffrey, S., Knight, R., Roberton, M., Roberts, M., Shelton, B., Stiles, G., Sutherland, S., Thornton, C., Wallis, A., & Wade, T. (2020). ANZAED eating disorder treatment principles and general clinical practice and training standards. Journal of Eating Disorders, 8, 63.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-020-00341-0

Hudson, L., Court, A. (2012). What paediatricians should know about eating disorders in children and young people.  Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health, 48(10), 869–875. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1754.2012.02433.x

Hurst, K., Heruc, G., Thornton, C., Freeman, J., Fursland, A., Knight, R., Roberts, M., Shelton, B., Wallis, A., Wade, T., (2020). ANZAED practice and training standards for mental health professionals providing eating disorder treatment. Journal of Eating Disorders, 8, 58. https://doi.org/10.1186%2Fs40337-020-00333-0

Partain, P., Sim, L., Fladager, J., Mattke, A., Billings, M., Jacobson, R., Le Grange, D., & Lebow, J. (2023). The Role of Primary Care in Bridging Adolescents Awaiting Eating Disorder Treatment. Pediatrics, 152(5), Article e2023061672. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2023-061672

Ralph, A. F., Brennan, L., Byrne, S., Caldwell, B., Farmer, J., Hart, L. M., Heruc, G.A., Maguire, S., Milan, K., Piya, M. K., Quin, J., Trobe, S. K., Wallis, A., Williams‑Tchen, A. J., & Hay, P. (2022) Management of eating disorders for people with higher weight: clinical practice guideline. Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 121. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-022-00622-w

Reese, J. (2023). The Psychiatrist’s Role in Caring for Adolescents with Eating Disorders. Psychiatric Times, 40, 2. https://www.psychiatrictimes.com/view/the-psychiatrist-s-role-in-caring-for-adolescents-with-eating-disorders

Spettigue, W., Norris, M., Gomez, R., Isserlin, L., (2017). Working with youth with eating disorders: what every trainee needs to know. MedEdPublish, 6, 16. https://doi.org/10.15694/mep.2017.000016

Grave, R. D., Sartirana, M., Sermattei, S., & Calugi, S. (2021). Treatment of Eating Disorders in Adults Versus Adolescents: Similarities and Differences. Clinical Therapeutics, 43(1), 70–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CLINTHERA.2020.10.015

See also section on Virtual Care

Brewerton, T. (2018). An overview of trauma-informed care and practice for eating disorders. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 28(4), 445-462. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2018.1532940

Brewerton, T., Alexander, J., & Schaefer, J. (2019). Trauma-informed care and practice for eating disorders: Personal and professional perspectives of lived experiences. Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity, 24, 329–338. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-018-0628-5

Rienecke, R. D., Blalock, D. V., Duffy, A., Manwaring, J., Le Grange, D., Johnson, C., Mehler, P. S., & McClanahan, S. F. (2020). Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and trauma-informed care in higher levels of care for eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 54, 627–632. https://doi.org/10.1002/eat.23455

See also section on Inclusion, Diversity & Equity

Couturier, J., Pellegrini, D., Grennan, Nicula, M., Miller, C., Agar, P., Webb, C., Anderson, K., Barwick, M., Dimitropoulis, Finlay, S., Kimber, M., McVey, G., & Lock, J. (2022). Multidisciplinary Implementation of Family-Based Treatment Delivered by Videoconferencing (FBT-V) for Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Eating Disorders, 13(2), 85-97. https://doi.org/10.1093/tbm/ibac086

Couturier, J., Pellegrini, D., Miller, C., Bhatnagar, N., Boachie, A., Bourret, K., Brouwers, M., Coelho, J., Dimitropoulos, G., Finlay, S., Ford, C., Geller, J., Grewal, S., Isserlin, L., Jerico, M., Johnson, N., Katzman, D.K., Kimber, M., Lafrance, A., … Webb., C. (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic and eating disorders in children, adolescents, and emerging adults: Virtual care recommendations from the Canadian Consensus Panel during COVID-19 and beyond. Journal of Eating Disorders, 9(1), 46. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40337-021-00394-9